TBTI Dialogue

Interested in contributing to this report on European small-scale fisheries?

Download the report and simply submit your comment on the rights side of this page by December 15, 2017.

All comments will be posted on website, included in the forum summary available online, and taken into consideration during the revision of the draft and consolidation of the final report.

For further information, contact us at 
toobigtoignore@mun.ca.

TBTI DIALOGUE is an online forum that serves as a way to facilitate discussions about some of the most pertinent issues for small-scale fishing people and their livelihoods. 

European Small-Scale Fisheries Report: E-consultation

 

 

 

European Small-Scale Fisheries: A Regional Synthesis is a product of the TBTI, and forms part of a series of five regional synthesis reports which collectively provide a global picture of the SSF characteristics, challenges, threats and opportunities. The report was developed by TBTI with inputs from academics, experts, practitioners and fishers’ association in Europe.

With these reports, TBTI aims to put small-scale fisheries on the map and in the right perspective, such that SSF sustainability can be improved through policies that maximizes their contribution to the regional and national social and economic development. The regional synthesis reports provide an informed baseline for actions through policy changes that can transform the way SSF are recognized, managed and governed.

We wish to make this synthesis an inclusive and fair depiction of SSF in Europe, accessible to multiple audiences, and as such we are engaging various experts, academics, practitioners, fishers’ associations and fishers as part of the process. Intensive consultation on the European synthesis with interested parties has been ongoing, and TBTI is now launching an e-consultation.

It is our mission to make this synthesis a document that truly represents the various realities of the European SSF, and we look forward to receiving your comments, observations, and recommendations.

8 Responses to “TBTI Dialogue”

  1. Pekka Salmi

    Dear Alicia,
    Regarding the material used for this very valuable synthesis: I have understood that specific quantitative data about small-scale fisheries was collected from many European countries when compiling the e-book “Small-scale Fisheries in Europe: Status, resilience and governance”. If this material is available, it could provide interesting information e.g. about the employment in small-scale fisheries, the proportion of women and the average age of the fishers.
    What are small-scale fisheries in Europe? Besides coastal fishing, also small-scale lake fisheries are of importance in the Finnish context. Commercial lake fishing is operated also in Sweden and e.g. in central Europe. The existence of small-scale fisheries in lakes could be mentioned somewhere.
    Regarding the environmental impacts, from the Baltic Sea perspective, small-scale fisheries are rarely the cause of unfavorable state of the aquatic ecosystem (eutrophication in particular). Instead, small-scale fishers have been sufferers of the environmental degradation. Moreover, fishers have highlighted that fishing is the only industry that removes nutrients from the sea thus benefiting the aquatic environment. Relations between small-scale fishing and aquaculture may be synergetic. For instance, fishers in Finland have benefited from the facilities and transportation chains that have been constructed for farmed fish.
    Constraints on European small-scale fishing include also problems caused by fish-eating animals. The seals and cormorants cause the foremost hindrance in developing the livelihood along the Finnish Baltic coast. The populations of these protected animals have increased lately. Seals and cormorants damage and eat the fish and break the gear. Similar problems are being experienced also in other parts the Baltic Sea, e.g. in the Swedish and Estonian small-scale fisheries.
    Best wishes
    Pekka

    December 15, 2017 2:31 pm #
  2. Vahdet Ünal

    Dear Alicia,
    Sorry for the previous message that I posted by mistake without writing any introduction or clarification what I want you to consider from our experiences on small-scale fisheries in Turkey. What I would like you to consider is that small-scale fisheries are getting part-time job in Turkey.
    In addition to this I would be happy if you could consider including our experiences on fisherwomen in small-scale fisheries.
    Our experiences and studies show us that fisherwomen in Mediterranean are ignored by policies as well as rest of the interested actors of the fisheries in Mediterranean. Women have been working at the sea directly on board for many years along the Aegean-Mediterranean coast of Turkey. Fisherwomen work in small scale fisheries continues fishing throughout the whole year. Although fisherwomen are happy with the job, they are not optimistic about the future of fishing. They are trying to survive through subsistence fisheries, earning their living by selling their limited amount of catch that small-scale fisheries produce recently. Overfishing, illegal fishing, mismanagement of fisheries result in consequences like low fishing income which directly affects fisherwomen who are both directly and indirectly related to the sector although they are the least responsible group for these adversities; since management decisions are always taken by men and women are always excluded; nor are they adequately represented in organizations such as fishery cooperatives, being professionally disregarded in almost all situations.
    Kind regards,
    vahdet

    November 25, 2017 9:19 am #
  3. Vahdet Ünal

    Current economic status of small-scale fisheries is signaling against sustainable fisheries in Turkey. The majority (69%) of the fishermen failing to meet their running costs that pushes them to do fishing as a part time job. We analyzed the viability of small-scale fisheries in the ten fishing ports and three fishery cooperatives in the Datça-Bozburun Special Environmental Protection Area (SEPA), (Eastern Mediterranean), Turkey, from an economic and social point of view. The analysis was performed using a set of some socio-economic indicators. The main data was gathered from face-to-face interviews with a total of 211 fishermen, all of whom were vessel owners. Findings proved only 41% of the fishermen in the area live solely on fishing. Fishermen with at least a secondary income besides fishing add up to 59%. Most of the fishermen (42%) work in the tourism sector as a secondary job, following free trade (28%), agriculture (24%) and civil service or pension (6%). Among the fishermen interviewed, 94% stated that they are not hopeful about the future of fisheries, 39% stated that they are thinking about quitting and 80% did not want their children to do this job. Fisheries in the region are difficult to sustain economically. In terms of net profits, only 21 vessels have stated positive economical results (only 10% of the fishermen reach net profits).

    November 25, 2017 8:47 am #
    • Alicia Said TBTI (Discussion moderator)

      Dear Vahdet,
      Thanks for your detailed input on the situation of the Turkish small-scale-fisheries, the difficulties encountered by new generations; and the socio-economic hurdles faced by both men and women in the sector. We will definitely consider them during the revisions of the report. I was wondering if you have any suggestions of what could be opportunities and prospects to ensure the continuation of small-scale fisheries and their sustainability in Turkey, and beyond?

      Regards,
      Alicia Said
      TBTI

      November 27, 2017 1:36 pm #
  4. Maria Jose Barragan Paladines

    It would be interesting to elaborate a little bit the idea around Figure 1 and 3, by somehow addressing the fact that the seafood that is consumed within European context, partly is being imported from abroad. This provides to the consumption of seafood in Europe another dimension of complexity that I believe, is worth to be highlighted (e.g., food security within European borders, and food security in the countries where those resources are harvested).

    Additionally, to my eyes, one critical aspect that compromises the viability of the fishing sector is the lack (or limited) representation capacity (or ability) of fishers’ leaders who are being contested by those who they represent.

    Thanks!

    November 24, 2017 9:49 am #
    • Alicia Said TBTI (Discussion moderator)

      Dear Maria Jose,
      Thanks for your observations around the issue of food security in Europe (and beyond), and the representation capacity of leaders – a pertinent issue of small-scale fisheries governance. As you rightly point out, these factors determine the sustainability of small-scale fisheries and we will definitely consider it during the revisions of the European report.

      Regards,
      Alicia Said
      TBTI

      November 27, 2017 1:42 pm #
  5. Stephen Long

    Please consider including lessons learned from the Fal oyster fishery, UK. The Fal oyster fishery is a unique small scale fishery, home to the last commercial sailing fleet in Europe. In contrast to stock collapses and temporary closures in other UK oyster fisheries, the Fal continues to operate in the same manner as it has done for over 100 years. Our research explores the hypothesis that the inherent inefficiency of the traditional methods employed here (dictated by management) may account for its longevity. The fishery offers a rare counterfactual to the increases in power and gear advances across Europe and highlights the value of small scale fisheries.

    November 17, 2017 12:46 pm #
    • Alicia Said TBTI (Discussion moderator)

      Dear Stephen,

      Thanks for the interesting case study on the Fal oyster fishery, the endurance of traditional methods employed and the significance of small-scale fisheries within this context. We will definitely consider it during the revisions of the European report.

      Regards,
      Alicia Said
      TBTI

      November 22, 2017 8:51 pm #

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