Diverse SSF Values

The diverse values cluster is the successor to Working Group 3 Broadening the Scope in TBTI’s initial institutional formulation that looked at the social and cultural dimensions of small-scale fisheries. The diverse values cluster is interested in fostering critical reflections on the reasons for which small-scale fisheries are valued or overlooked. The focus is at the heart of TBTI’s inspiration that small-scale fisheries are valuable and worth defending. Yet, this diverse values cluster does not seek to be an uncritical cheerleader for small-scale fisheries. Rather it aspires to create the space to build theoretically and methodologically sound, policy-relevant, arguments for the values of small-scale fisheries at multiple scales and in diverse places while also recognizing the significant challenges they face. Evaluating the contributions of small-scale fisheries is complex, as views on the values of small-scale fisheries differ, change, and may compete or conflict with one another. For this reason rather than using value in the singular, we speak of the values of small-scale fisheries. The work of the cluster so far has approached its analysis of values in small-scale fisheries from social wellbeing and place-based approaches and its first major deliverable elaborates those perspectives. We welcome contributors, however, to explore other conceptual and methodological bases for addressing our task.

For more information on participation in this cluster please scroll down to “How to contribute” sections.


1. The diverse values cluster seeks to promote mixed-methods research on the values (social, economic, cultural, etc.) of small-scale fisheries at multiple scales and in different places in order to effectively advocate in their favour.

2. More broadly, the diverse values cluster aims to support research and the dissemination of findings on the social and cultural dimensions of small-scale fisheries. The cluster seeks to build on the rich body of work from maritime anthropology, sociology, human geography and other related disciplines that has explored the distinctive and diverse social relations and systems of meaning that humans have developed through small-scale fishing practice in aquatic environments globally.

3. TBTI is based on the premise that small-scale fisheries are a social good in the sense that they contribute to society in many ways, including income, food security, sense of place, and ecological knowledge. This is a value proposition that deserves explicit recognition and consideration. The diverse values cluster thus intends to offer a point of critical self-reflection for TBTI on the discursive basis of the project’s support for small-scale fisheries.

Research questions

The following are some of the many questions that relate to this cluster’s objectives:

1. Globally, regionally, and locally, for what reasons are small-scale fisheries valued? For what contributions are they recognized as valuable?

2. How do they vary between different parties, whether within or outside of small-scale fisheries? How do small-scale fisheries values complement or contradict one another? How does power influence what small-scale fisheries values are influential?

3. How do small-scale fisheries values change and how are they adapted as the social, economic and ecological environments in which the fisheries are embedded change?

4. How can quantitative and qualitative data be most effectively brought together to illuminate the diverse values of small-scale fisheries?

5. How can new approaches and methodologies be drawn on and extend the insights of earlier work on the social and cultural dimensions of small-scale fisheries?

6. How can arguments in support of small-scale fisheries be presented in ways that do justice to their complexities, including sometimes problematic social and environmental relations?

7. How can efforts by TBTI and other groups working to support small-scale fisheries incorporate a reflexive awareness of their positioning in their research, particularly that with an applied intent?


1. An edited volume on a social wellbeing and placed-based approaches to the diverse values of small-scale fisheries that will contain at least 12 conceptual and empirical contributions from Asia, Europe and Latin America. The volume will lay the groundwork for subsequent work by the diverse values cluster.

2. Promotion of an ongoing set of detailed studies of particular small-scale fisheries that aim to identify the diverse ways in which they are valued. These studies could be collected in special issues or further edited volumes following on from the one mentioned in point 1.

3. Research or policy briefs, short videos, or other accessible format publications summarizing research for a non-academic audience.

Timeline / Work plan

Rapid assessment of SSF values

The cluster has developed an exercise to document/catalogue how stakeholders value SSF. While a diverse set of SSF values is difficult to elicit without detailed studies, a rapid assessment of values may be useful, especially in relative term and as the first step in identifying their range and significance.

The Values Assessment template is modified based on the value schemes suggested by Song and Chuenpagdee (2015). People who complete the survey should have good knowledge and familiarity with the SSF. The analysis will be global and comparative and will be weighted to reflect the level of knowledge and familiarity of the respondents.

All contributions will be acknowledged and incorporated in the Information System on Small-Scale Fisheries (ISSF), with interactive web-based, open access maps, showing relative values of SSF around the world.

To find out more about the assessment and to contribute your data, download the Values Assessment template. The completed template should be sent to toobigtoignore@mun.ca as an attachment.

Additional Reading Material

Andrew M. Song & Ratana Chuenpagdee (2015) Eliciting Values and Principles of Fishery Stakeholders in South Korea: A Methodological Exploration, Society & Natural Resources, 28:10, 1075-1091, DOI: 10.1080/08941920.2015.1020976

How to contribute

1. Complete the rapid assessment exercise. For more details, see the Timeline / Work plan section above.

2. Complete a SSF profile: One of the main commitments of TBTI is to make information about SSF comprehensive and available to everyone. The SSF profile in ISSF is developed with this in mind. Currently, ISSF is running the SSF profiles drive to have the first 200 profiles completed. We would like to encourage all cluster members to help with this task by completing the fillable form and email it to toobigtoignore@mun.ca. We don’t expect that you will have all the required information. Please consult colleagues or literature as necessary.

3. Participate in the panel discussion at the MARE Conference in 2017. [CLOSED]


Book (2017): ‘Social Wellbeing and the Values of Small-scale Fisheries
Editors: Derek Johnson, Tim Acott, Natasha Stacey and Julia Urquhart
The volume presents first book-length application of the social wellbeing approach to small-scale fisheries and includes contributions from numerous countries across Asia, Europe, and Latin America.

E-book (2018):  ‘The meaning of small: Diverse values of small-scale fisheries‘.
Editors: Mirella de Oliviera Leis and Ratana Chuenpagdee
This  e-book portrays the different meaning and importance of small-scale fisheries around the world through photos and infographics.

Cluster coordinators

Derek Johnson, University of Manitoba, Canada

Alan White, The Nature Conservancy, USA

Julián Idrobo, Universidad de los Andes, Colombia

Ratana Chuenpagdee, Memorial University, Canada

Cluster members
Name Affiliation Country
Abdul, Waidi Federal University of Agriculture Nigeria
Abura, Samson Lake Victoria Fisheries Organization Uganda
Acciaioli, Gregory The University of Western Australia Australia
Advani, Sahir University of British Columbia India
Balaraman, Subramanian Our Sea Our People India
Bannwart, Janaina Fishery coordinator of Epagri Brazil
Barclay, Kate University of Technology Sydney Australia
Bassett, Hannah Univesity of Washington USA
Bazzino, Gaston CIBNOR (Northwest Biological Research Center) Mexico
Beitl, Christine University of Maine USA
Biswal, Rajib University of Manitoba Canada
Blythe, Jessica James Cook University Australia
Belton, Ben WorldFish Bangladesh
Bennett, Abigail Duke University USA
Bockstael, Erika Natural Resources Institute Canada
Breckwoldt, Annette Leibniz Center for Tropical Marine Ecology (ZMT) Breman
Brito-Millan, Marlene Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UCSD USA
Britton, Easkey Fisheries Local Action Group Ireland
Buxton, Jordan San Diego Zoo Global Zoo
Cakacaka, Akuila Institute of Tropical Marine Research Germany
Carvalho, Julia UFSC Universidade federal de Santa Catarina Brazil
Chambers, Catherine University Centre of the Westfjords Iceland
Combest-Friedman, Chelsea Fauna & Flora International Belize
Coswig Kalikoski, Daniela FAO Italy
Creaghan, Phoebe Dalhousie University Canada
Dao, Nga York University Canada
De Freitas, Debora Biosciences Institute São Paulo State University-UNESP, Coastal Campus Brazil
De Santana, Iramaia Universidade do Estado da Bahia Brazil
De Silva, Nilantha University of Ruhuna Sri Lanka
De Zoysa, Rapti Siriwardane Leibniz Center for Tropical Marine Ecology (ZMT) Germany
Delaney, Alyne Aalborg University Denmark
Delisle, Aurelie Australian National Centre for Ocean resources & Security Australia
Dracott, Karina University of Akureyri Iceland
Dutka-Gianelli, Jynessa University of Florida Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences USA
Esteves, Pedro Fundação Instituto de Pesca do Estado do Rio de Janeiro Brazil
Elegbede, Isa Brandenburg University of Technology Germany
Evans, Louisa University of Exeter UK
Fakoya, Kafayat Lagos State University Nigeria
Ferrer, Alice University of the Philippines Visayas Philippines
Fiorella, Katie Cornell University USA
Floro, Julien Marine conservationist Portugal
Frangoudes, Katia University of Western Brittany France
Freed, Sarah University of Maryland University College USA
Friedman, Kim FAO Italy
Garcia-Quijano, Carlos University of Rhode Island USA
Gaynor, Amanda Rare USA
Ginindza, Joseph University of the Western Cape South Africa
Giordano, Chris University of Washington USA
Golden, Christopher Harvard School of Public Health // Wildlife Conservation Society
Gustavsson, Madeleine University of Liverpool UK
Hall, Pam Memorial University of Newfoundland Canada
Hara, Mafaniso Michael University of the Western Cape South Africa
Hicks, Christina Center for Ocean Solutions Stanford University and JAmes Cook University USA
Hisham, Jafer Department of Fisheries India
Hudson, Joanna Blue Ventures UK
Hudson Weaver, Amy Sociedad de Historia Natural Niparaja AC Mexico
Hurley, Michael LiveWater International USA
Jadhav, Adam Dakshin Foundation India
Jani Mohd, Jarina University Malaysia Terengganu Malaysia
Johnston, Kate The University of Sydney Australia
Jouanneau, Charlène Charlène Jouanneau Consultant France
Kappo, Ayorinde NASRDA Nigeria
Kehinde, Adekeye Fisheries society of Nigeria Nigeria
Kim, Onnuri Duke University USA
Kochalski, Sophia University of Liverpool UK
Koralagama, Dilanthi University of Ruhuna Sri Lanka
Kumar, Subodh Central University of Gujarat India
Lalancette, Annie Concordia University Canada
Lam, Mimi University of British Columbia Canada
Lamb, Norlan Conch - Conserving our natural cultural history Belize
Lau, Jacqueline ARC Centre for Excellece in Coral Reef Studies Australia
Lazar, Najih University of Rhode Island USA
Leite, Marta Natural Resources Institute,University of Manitoba Canada
Li, Yinji Tokai University Japan
Little, Dave Unversity of Stirling UK
Liu, Yajie Norwegian University of Technology and Science Norway
Loneragan, Neil Murdoch University Australia
Loring, Philip University of Saskatchewan Canada
Lueiro, Xoán Inacio Amoedo Consultant Spain
Lukic, Anamarija University of Zadar Croatia
Manyungwa-Pasani, Chikondi Department of Fisheries Malawi Malawi
Marquez Perez, Ana Isabel Providence Sea & Land Initiative Foundation Colombia
Mascarenas, Ismael Centro para la Biodiversidad Marina y la Conservacion A.C. Mexico
Maxwell, Kimberley Victoria University of Wellington New Zealand
McClean, Nick University of Technology Sydney Australia
McClenachan, Loren Colby College USA
Mestres, Sílvia Gómez Autonomous University of Barcelona Spain
Miller, Alice International Pole and Line Foundation UK
Miller, Karly Marie University of California USA
Mozumder, Mohammad PhD student Finland
Napata, Ruby Institute of Fisheries Policy and Development Studies, College of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of the Philippines Visayas Philippines
Naranjo, Helven Fisheries Consultant Costa Rica
Neilson, Alison Centre for Social Studies, CES, University of Coimbra Portugal
Nuno, Ana University of Exeter UK
O'Neill, Elizabeth Drury Stockholm Resilience Centre Sweden
Oyanedel, Rodrigo Universidad Catolica de Chile / University of California Chile
Palmer, Roy Aquaculture without Frontiers Australia
Pantazis, Alekos Independent Greece
Parker, Kashiefa International Ocean Institute South Africa
Pentzel, Maria University of Sevilla Spain
Pierce, Graham University of Aberdeen / University of Aveiro UK
Potts, Tavis University of Aberdeen UK
Quimby, Barbara San Diego State University USA
Rakotondrazafy Andriamampandry, Riambosoa Madagascar LMMA Network Madagascar
Rachmawati, Laksmi Indonesian Institute of Sciences Indonesia
Ragusa, Gianluca International Independent consultant - Fisheries and aquaculture specialist Italy
Ramenzoni, Victoria Harte Research Institute, Texas A&M University USA
Richard, Natalie Alaska Pacific University USA
Rodriguez, Salvador University of California Mexico
Rohe, Janne Leibniz Center for Tropical Marine Ecology (ZMT) Germany
Romero, Ronnie National Fisheries Research and Development Institute Philippines
Said, Alicia University of Kent UK
Sall, Aliou Centre de recherches océanographiques de Dakar Thiaroye Senegal
Salmi, Pekka Natural Resources Institute Finland Finland
Santos, Anna Alaska Fisheries Science Center USA
Schneider, Katharina Heidelberg University Germany
Seto, Katherine UC Berkeley USA
Simmance, Alison University of Southampton UK
Simmance, Fiona University of Southampton UK
Snape, Robin University of Exeter Cyprus
Stacey, Natasha Charles Darwin University Australia
Steenbergen, Dirk Australian National Centre for Ocean Resources and Security Australia
Sule, Fatimah Lagos State University Nigeria
Taiwo, Ganzallo Sylvester Lagos State University Nigeria
Thomassin, Annick McGill University/Australian National Unversity Australia
Trimble, Mica Federal University of Parana Brazil
Tubino, Rafael Universidade Federal Fluminense Brazil
Turner, Rachel University of Exeter UK
Ulman, Aylin University of Pavia Italy
Urteaga, Jose E-IPER / Stanford University Nicaragua
Valenzuela, Flordeliza Central bicol state university of agriculture Philippines
Viegas, Maria Instituto Portugues do mar e da atmosfera Portugal
Weisman, Wendy Center for Social Innovation - NYC USA
Wessels, Peter Dalhousie University Canada
White, Carole University of East Anglia and Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science UK
Willman, Rolf Formerly FAO Germany
Witter, Allison UBC Fisheries Centre Canada
Yeemin, Thamasak Ramkhamhaeng university Thailand