The diverse values cluster is the successor to Working Group 3 Broadening the Scope in TBTI’s initial institutional formulation that looked at the social and cultural dimensions of small-scale fisheries. The diverse values cluster is interested in fostering critical reflections on the reasons for which small-scale fisheries are valued or overlooked. The focus is at the heart of TBTI’s inspiration that small-scale fisheries are valuable and worth defending. Yet, this diverse values cluster does not seek to be an uncritical cheerleader for small-scale fisheries. Rather it aspires to create the space to build theoretically and methodologically sound, policy-relevant, arguments for the values of small-scale fisheries at multiple scales and in diverse places while also recognizing the significant challenges they face. Evaluating the contributions of small-scale fisheries is complex, as views on the values of small-scale fisheries differ, change, and may compete or conflict with one another. For this reason rather than using value in the singular, we speak of the values of small-scale fisheries. The work of the cluster so far has approached its analysis of values in small-scale fisheries from social wellbeing and place-based approaches and its first major deliverable elaborates those perspectives. We welcome contributors, however, to explore other conceptual and methodological bases for addressing our task.
For more information on participation in this cluster please scroll down to “How to contribute” sections.
1. The diverse values cluster seeks to promote mixed-methods research on the values (social, economic, cultural, etc.) of small-scale fisheries at multiple scales and in different places in order to effectively advocate in their favour.
2. More broadly, the diverse values cluster aims to support research and the dissemination of findings on the social and cultural dimensions of small-scale fisheries. The cluster seeks to build on the rich body of work from maritime anthropology, sociology, human geography and other related disciplines that has explored the distinctive and diverse social relations and systems of meaning that humans have developed through small-scale fishing practice in aquatic environments globally.
3. TBTI is based on the premise that small-scale fisheries are a social good in the sense that they contribute to society in many ways, including income, food security, sense of place, and ecological knowledge. This is a value proposition that deserves explicit recognition and consideration. The diverse values cluster thus intends to offer a point of critical self-reflection for TBTI on the discursive basis of the project’s support for small-scale fisheries.
The following are some of the many questions that relate to this cluster’s objectives:
1. Globally, regionally, and locally, for what reasons are small-scale fisheries valued? For what contributions are they recognized as valuable?
2. How do they vary between different parties, whether within or outside of small-scale fisheries? How do small-scale fisheries values complement or contradict one another? How does power influence what small-scale fisheries values are influential?
3. How do small-scale fisheries values change and how are they adapted as the social, economic and ecological environments in which the fisheries are embedded change?
4. How can quantitative and qualitative data be most effectively brought together to illuminate the diverse values of small-scale fisheries?
5. How can new approaches and methodologies be drawn on and extend the insights of earlier work on the social and cultural dimensions of small-scale fisheries?
6. How can arguments in support of small-scale fisheries be presented in ways that do justice to their complexities, including sometimes problematic social and environmental relations?
7. How can efforts by TBTI and other groups working to support small-scale fisheries incorporate a reflexive awareness of their positioning in their research, particularly that with an applied intent?
1. An edited volume on a social wellbeing and placed-based approaches to the diverse values of small-scale fisheries that will contain at least 12 conceptual and empirical contributions from Asia, Europe and Latin America. The volume is proposed for the MARE Publication Series, published by Springer, with a target publication date of late 2016. The volume will lay the groundwork for subsequent work by the diverse values cluster.
2. Promotion of an ongoing set of detailed studies of particular small-scale fisheries that aim to identify the diverse ways in which they are valued. These studies could be collected in special issues or further edited volumes following on from the one mentioned in point 1.
3. Research or policy briefs, short videos, or other accessible format publications summarizing research for a non-academic audience.
|Timeline / Work plan||
Rapid assessment of SSF values
The cluster has developed an exercise to document/catalogue how stakeholders value SSF. While a diverse set of SSF values is difficult to elicit without detailed studies, a rapid assessment of values may be useful, especially in relative term and as the first step in identifying their range and significance.
The Values Assessment template is modified based on the value schemes suggested by Song and Chuenpagdee (2015). People who complete the survey should have good knowledge and familiarity with the SSF. The analysis will be global and comparative and will be weighted to reflect the level of knowledge and familiarity of the respondents.
All contributions will be acknowledged and incorporated in the Information System on Small-Scale Fisheries (ISSF), with interactive web-based, open access maps, showing relative values of SSF around the world.
To find out more about the assessment and to contribute your data, download the Values Assessment template. The completed template should be sent to email@example.com as an attachment.
|Additional Reading Material||
Andrew M. Song & Ratana Chuenpagdee (2015) Eliciting Values and Principles of Fishery Stakeholders in South Korea: A Methodological Exploration, Society & Natural Resources, 28:10, 1075-1091, DOI: 10.1080/08941920.2015.1020976
|How to contribute||
1. Complete the rapid assessment exercise. For more details, see the Timeline / Work plan section above.
2. SSF profiles: One of the main commitments of TBTI is to make information about SSF comprehensive and available to everyone. The SSF profile in ISSF is developed with this in mind. Currently, ISSF is running the SSF profiles drive to have the first 200 profiles completed. We would like to encourage all cluster members to help with this task by completing the fillable form and email it to firstname.lastname@example.org. We don’t expect that you will have all the required information. Please consult colleagues or literature as necessary.
Derek Johnson, University of Manitoba, Canada
Alan White, The Nature Conservancy, USA
Julián Idrobo, Universidad de los Andes, Colombia
Ratana Chuenpagdee, Memorial University, Canada