Building on the foundation set by this cluster’s earlier work in the Stewardship Working Group (see e-book here), our proposed ongoing activities will focus on further synthesizing a global view of small-scale fishing impacts and contributions of small-scale fisheries (SSF) to conservation and stewardship. This dual approach will allow us to provide needed information on the relative magnitude and types of impacts from various types of SSF gear, while also highlighting the actual and potential role of SSF communities in the stewardship of fisheries resources and marine ecosystems.
Rapid Assessment of Relative Impacts of SSF Fishing Gear
Understanding the relative impacts of various types of SSF fishing gear, as compared both within SSF and against industrial fishing gears, is vital for effective management of these fisheries. This component of the SSF Stewardship cluster will conduct a rapid assessment of the relative collateral impacts of gear types, based on a ‘damage schedule’ rating template similar to the work of Chuenpagdee et al. (2003). “Collateral damage” includes habitat impacts (physical and biological), bycatch (though the notion of “bycatch” in SSF will require some clarification), and other issues of concern (e.g., capture of juvenile fish). Ultimately, we aim to develop strategies, in collaboration with SSF fishing communities, researchers and practitioners, on how to mitigate these impacts. We encourage researchers, practitioners and fishers around the world to use the rating template and help with the assessment. Each fishery assessed will become an individual contribution to the e-book that we will compile, and which will later use in a comparative analysis and a global synthesis.
SSF Communities as Stewards
Small-scale fishing communities are, and can be, active partners and leaders in the stewardship and conservation of aquatic and marine resources. However, these efforts do not necessarily fall under formally recognized categories of management, and thus might lack full support from policy and institutions concerned with ecosystem governance. The vision for this research cluster is to more fully investigate the role of small-scale fishing communities in stewardship, including area-based approaches and beyond. This will allow us to describe and communicate the contribution of these communities to management and conservation in a way that guides support from legal instruments, institutions, and research. Ultimately, we aim to share this information among diverse small-scale fishing communities to promote interest in and ideas for stewardship initiatives. We invite everyone to help document these stewardship practices, using the guiding questions below. Contribution to this aspect of the cluster will be compiled into a journal special issue.
For more information on participation in this cluster please scroll down to “How to contribute” section.
In accord with the dual approach presented above, the specific objectives of the cluster are:
1. Conduct a rapid assessment of SSF gear impacts using the “damage schedule” rating template;
2. Develop a synthesis of relative impacts of SSF gear and compare them with those from industrial fishing gears;
3. Develop impact mitigation strategies in collaboration with small-scale fishing communities and managers;
4. Identify and assess types of stewardship in which small-scale fishing communities are engaged;
5. Understand how these stewardship initiatives are developed and implemented, and what conditions and actions foster (and hinder) stewardship; and
6. Raise the profile of SSF stewardship so that it is better recognized and considered in management decision-making.
1. SSF gear impact
a) What are the relative impacts of different types of SSF gear as compared to other SSF gear?
b) What are the relative impacts of SSF gears as compared to industrial fishing gears?
c) What strategies can be employed to mitigate SSF gear impacts?
Rapid assessment of SSF gear impact on bycatch and habitat
We are currently conducting the ‘Rapid assessment of SSF gear impact’ on bycatch and habitat. The aim is to provide a global assessment between small-scale fishing gears, also in comparison with large-scale fishing gears. All contributions will be acknowledged and incorporated in the Information System on Small-Scale Fisheries (ISSF), with interactive web-based, open access maps, showing relative values of SSF around the world.
To find out more about the assessment and to contribute your data, download the Rapid assessment of SSF gear impact template. The completed template should be sent to email@example.com as an attachment.
2. SSF Stewardship
a) What types of stewardship do small-scale fishing communities engage in? And what notions of “stewardship” are found among these communities?
b) What are the objectives of stewardship and what process by which this stewardship emerges?
c) How effective are different types of stewardship at meeting these objectives? What are enabling factors and obstacles?
d) How can stewardship be better supported by policy instruments?
Rapid assessment of SSF stewardship activities
We are currently conducting the ‘Rapid assessment of stewardship activities’. The aim is to collect information about ‘stewardship activities’ in specific case studies and examine the relationship between these activities and small-scale fishing people. We will invite contributors with interesting case studies to participate in the IMCC4 conference, which will be held in in St. John’s, Canada at the end of July 2016.
To find out more about the assessment and to contribute your data, fill out the online form or download the Stewardship activities fillable form. The completed fillable form should be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org as an attachment.
1. An e-book based on individual contribution of the SSF gear impact assessment
2. Publication about stewardship
3. Policy briefs, community toolkits and other communications based on the findings from the studies
4. Report to the World Conservation Monitoring Center (WCMC) task force on the role of small-scale fisheries stewardship in “Other Effective Area-based Conservation Measures” for consideration in CBD discussions for the post-2020 process
5. A session at the 4th International Marine Conservation Congress (IMCC4), on 30 July – 3 August, 2016, St. John’s, NL
|Timeline / Work plan||
1. Rapid assessment of SSF gear and stewardship.
2. Rapid assessment of SSF stewardship activities.
2. Report to the World Conservation Monitoring Center (WCMC)
3. IMCC4 session, July 30-Aug 3 2016
|How to contribute||
-Sign up for the cluster
-Conduct rapid assessment of SSF gear impact and stewardsip and submit it using the online form
-Conduct rapid assessment of SSF stewarsdip activities and submit it using the online form / fillable form
– Encourage colleagues to contribute information
-Suggest other ideas and deliverables that you would like to see in the cluster
Tara Sayuri Whitty, Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO), USA
Ellen Hines, San Francisco State University, USA
Rebecca Lewison, San Diego State University, USA
Ratana Chuenpagdee, Memorial University, Canada
Mel Agapito, Memorial University, Canada
Delphine Rocklin, Memorial University, Canada