TBTI special sessions at the 2019 MARE People and the Sea Conference

Transdisciplinary Fisheries Sciences for Blue Justice: The Need to Go Between, Across and Beyond

 

Panel organizers:

Milena Arias Schreiber, School of Global Studies, University of Gothenburg, Sweden

 

Ratana Chuenpagdee, Department of Geography, Memorial University, Canada

Session synopsis:

Transdisciplinary research has been brought forward as a means to solve and mitigate real-world problems including fisheries. Scientists who are interested in ‘transdisciplinary’ research will present their ideas about how to bridge gaps by going between, across and beyond disciplines in working towards ‘blue justice’ for ocean users and sustainability. In this special session, we want to explore the reasons for the lack of transdisciplinarity, the challenges and lessons to apply it, and how this affects fisheries and ocean sustainability under the Bluegrowth agenda, especially how it may exacerbate the marginalization of small-scale fisheries.

Session 1:

Chair: Ratana Chuenpagdee

Panel introduction: Milena Arias Schreiber “The role of transdisciplinarity in socially just and sustainable fisheries”

Speakers:

  • Nicole Franz, FAO, Italy. “Illuminating Hidden Harvests: The contribution of small-scale fisheries to sustainable development”
  • Irna Sari, USAID-SEA Project, Indonesia. “Integrated approach to strengthen small-scale fishing vessel management in Indonesia”
  • Tetsu Sato, Ehime University, Japan. “Transdisciplinary research framing promoted by small-scale fishers in Lake Malawi”
  • Vandick da Silva Batista, Federal University of Alagoas, Brazil. “Crossing interdisciplinary bridges to build effective conservation actions supporting fishers”
  • Rebecca Korda, University of Newcastle, UK. “When is resilience sustainable? A critical analysis of the challenges facing the English small-scale fleet and their varying responses”

Discussant:

  • Sisir Kanta Pradhan, University of Waterloo, Canada

Session 2:

Chair: Milena Arias Schreiber

Speakers:

  • Cornelia Nauen, Mundus Maris, Australia. “Blue justice: A unifying concept for transdisciplinarity towards ‘multi-dimensional’ sustainability”
  • Adam Soliman, Fisheries Law Centre, Canada. “Access to justice and gaps in transdisciplinary legal research in the context of small-scale fisheries”
  • Qurban Rouhani, Rhodes University, South Africa. “Democratising inland fisheries in South Africa: the shift from apartheid era legacies to one based on constitutional imperatives”
  • Suvaluck Satumanatpan, Mahidol University, Thailand. “Legal reform and governance transformation for sustainable small-scale fisheries in Thailand”
  • Maria Jose Espinosa, COBI, Mexico. “Transformations and transdisciplinarity for the sustainability of Mexican fisheries”
  • Prateep Nayak, University of Waterloo, Canada. “Winners, losers, who controls and who gets to define the dominant narratives around small-scale fisheries”

Discussant:

  • Madu Galappaththi, University of Waterloo, Canada

Blue Justice for small-scale fisheries in the context of fishing opportunities and markets: A lens for SDG14b

 

Panel organizers:

Alicia Said, AMURE, Institut Universitaire Européen de la Mer (IUEM), Brest, France

 

Jose Pascual-Fernández (Universidad de La Laguna, Instituto de Investigación Social y Turismo

Session synopsis:

The UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) has raised the profile of small-scale fisheries through SDG14b, a target that calls for the provision of ‘access of small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets’. Considered as a historic moment for small-scale fisheries, their recognition in the SDGs is an important milestone that sets an important focus on how such target ought to be achieved. Reaching this milestone requires overhauls in governance structures and management systems that have traditionally favoured other segments of the fishing fleets, mainly industrial and large-scale fisheries supposedly more “efficient”. This is particularly relevant in the era of “Blue Growth” that in many of its formulations exclude fisheries, and particularly small-scale fisheries (SSF), privileging new sectors, potentially increasing the challenges for SSF. Hence, achieving access to fishing opportunities and markets, a.k.a. SDG14b, would require adjustments in resource governance and fisheries management systems in all sectors, and development programs that embed concepts like human rights, social justice and equity as key elements of what we refer to as Blue Justice. In this session, we seek to provide case studies from around the world to showcase the governance challenges and opportunities concerning the planned or accomplished implementation of SDG14b, along with lessons about the importance of focusing strongly on the issues and concerns related to SSF as we strive to achieve the overall SDGs. The session invites experts from different regions to bring together a global discussion on governance transformations in the broader picture to decipher challenges and inform new policies that bring about blue justice in ocean and resource governance.

Session

Speakers:

  • Jose Pascual-Fernández, Universidad de La Laguna, Instituto Universitario de Investigación Social y Turismo, Spain. “Bluefin tuna quota access for small-scale fisheries in the Canary Islands: fighting for recognition”
  • Joe Zelasney, FAO, Italy. “Strengthening the Science Policy Interface: Using the SSF Guidelines to Inform Inclusive and Just Achievement of SDG Target 14.b”
  • Troels J. Hegland, Centre for Innovative Fisheries Management, Aalborg University, Denmark. “A Sisyphean Task? The Danish Experience with Taming the ITQ System 2007-2018”
  • Alicia Said, AMURE, Institut Universitaire Européen de la Mer (IUEM), Brest, France. “Small-scale fisheries access to fishing opportunities in Europe: a new hope?”
  • Gurpreet Padda, ENV - Postgraduate Researcher. Licenses, permits, entitlements..! Oh my! Perceptions of right to fish from the Wash cockle shell fishermen”
  • Jerneja Penca, Euro-Mediterranean University, Slovenia. “Transnational localism: Empowerment through Standard Setting in Small-scale Fisheries”
  • Vanessa Iglesias Amorim, CRIA, U. Institute Lisbon, Portugal. “Portuguese small-scale fisheries: issues of (in)justice in management”
  • Natasha Stacey, Research Institute for the Environment and Livelihoods, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Australia. Blue Mud Bay Justice: Realising rights for Indigenous fishing enterprises and livelihoods in the Northern Territory, Australia”
  • Brice Trouillet, University of Nantes, France. “Aligning with dominant interests: the role played by geotechnologies in the place given to small-scale fisheries in marine spatial planning”
  • Hugh Govan, USP SDGIA/LMMA Network, Fiji. “Blue justice for small-scale fisheries in Pacific Islands – the vital ingredient for achieving SDG 14b”
  • Wichin Suebpala, Marine Biodiversity Research Group, Faculty of Science, Ramkhamhaeng University, Thailand. “Boosting market innovation to support small-scale fisheries: A case study of Ko Chang, Trat Province, Thailand”

Round table

Speakers:

  • Association Club Bleu Artisanal, Tunisia. “Club bleu Artisanal for quality labels and technological solutions for small scale fisheries products”
  • Yaiza Dronkers Londoño, International Pole and Line Foundation (IPNLF). “Commitments to Equitable Seafood: the Untapped Potential of One-by-One Tuna Fisheries to the UN SDGs”
  • Deirdre, E. Duggan, Masyarakat Dan Perikanan Indonesia (MDPI). “Tangible benefits for small-scale fisheries working for market differentiation: an Indonesian experience”
  • Amanda Lejbowicz, Marine Stewardship Council, UK. “The Marine Stewardship Council contributions to Blue Justice for small-scale fisheries”


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